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Wednesday, September 2, 2020

EXODUS – GOD’s MIRACULOUS DELIVERANCE of ISRAEL FROM EGYPT – INTRO and Chapter ONE


Exodus #01 Ch. 1-2 Typology In Exodus-Chuck Missler, part 1 

Exodus #01 Ch. 1-2 Typology In Exodus-Chuck Missler, part 2

These with Contributing commentaries by pastors Sonny Islas, Albert Lopez and James Fire
EXODUS 1 – by James Fire, for the Facebook video, go here.

INTRODUCTION: This book covers the time period between the death of Joseph, through the time of deliverance of Israel from Egypt to the establishment of the Tabernacle and the worship of YHWH. The primary focus of this book is redemption by deliverance from bondage as well as righteousness by GOD-ordained redemption.
The book of GENESIS is about a family: Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, and Joseph – the patriarchs of Israel. 
Here the book EXODUS is about the nation of Israel, and a singular man of GOD, Moses, the Deliverer, the Law Giver, the one who spoke with GOD face to Face, the meekest man in all the earth (though Jesus Christ is the meekest in all heaven and earth!).
OUTLINE: There are four historical periods in the book of Exodus:
1. The Period of Bondage: EXOD 1,2
1) The oppression in Egypt; EXOD 1:7-22
2) The events in the early life of Moses; EXOD 2:1-21
    a) His birth and adoption; EXOD 2:1-10
    b) His human attempts to deliver his Hebrew brothers and their rejection of his
leadership; EXOD 2:11-14
    c) His flight from Egypt to Midian; EXOD 2:15
    d) The marriage of Moses; EXOD 2:21
Forty years pass (ACTS 7:30)

2. The Period of Deliverance: EXOD 3-12
    a) The call of Moses at the burning bush by GOD to deliver Israel; EXOD 3:1-10
    b) His divine commission and empowerment; then his excuses; EXOD 3,4
    c) Aaron and Moses demanding Pharaoh to release Israel; EXOD 4,5
    d) The bondage of Israel made worse; EXOD 5:5-23
    e) GOD’s instruction to Moses and Aaron on how to respond to Pharaoh; EXOD 6,7
    f) The ten plagues of Egypt; GOD’s authentication and the Hebrews acceptance of
Moses’ leadership EXOD 7-11
    g) The Passover; EXOD 12

3. The Period of Discipline: EXOD 12-18
    a) The Exodus of Israel from the land of Egypt; EXOD 12:31-51
    b) The nation of Israel’s experiences on the way to Sinai; EXOD 13-18

4. The Period of Legislation and Organization: EXOD 19-40
    a) Arrival at Sinai; EXOD 19:1-2
    b) The appearance of GOD upon the Mount; EXOD 19
    c) The giving of the 10 Commandments; EXOD 20
    d) Other laws proclaimed; EXOD 21-24
    e) Instruction on building the tabernacle; EXOD 25-27
    f) The appointment of the high priest; EXOD 28
    g) The worship of the golden calf; EXOD 32
    h) The preparation for and building the tabernacle EXOD. 35-40

THE PILGRIMAGE OF ISRAEL, A TYPE OF THE CHRISTIAN LIFE (see 1 COR 10:1-11.)
ROMANS 15:3-5
4 For whatsoever things were written aforetime were written for our learning, that we through patience and comfort of the scriptures might have hope.

1 CORINTHIANS 10:11
11 Now all these things happened unto them for examples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come
.

~ Egyptian bondage. A type of the bondage to sin. Moses as deliverer is a type of Christ (see parallel between Christ and Moses). 
~ The Passover lamb (12:3-6). A type of Christ, the Lamb of God (John 1:29).
~ Pharaoh’s pursuit of Israel, (14:8-9). A type of the evil sources pursuing believers (1 Peter 5:8).
~ The opening of the Red Sea, (14:21). A type of hindrances moved (Matthew 21:21).
~ The pillar of cloud and fire, (14:19-20). A type of the divine presence with believers (Matthew 28:20).
~ The song of Moses, (15:1-19), A type of the songs of spiritual victory (Romans 8:37; 2 Corinthians 2:14).
~ The mixed multitude, (12:38). A type of the worldly people in the church (Matthew 13:25-29).
~ Marah and Elim, (15:23-27). A type of the bitter and sweet experiences of the spiritual life (Romans 8:35-39).
~ The pots of meal, (16:3). A type of the sensual pleasures of the old life (1 Corinthians 6:11).
~ The manna, (16:4). A type of Christ, the Bread of Life (John 6:35,48).
~ The water from the rock, (17:6). A type of Christ, the Living Water, (1 Cor. 10:4).
~ The upholding of Moses’ hands, (17:12). A type of the need for cooperation and intercession among leaders (James 5:16; 1 Timothy 2:1-2).
~ In the structure of the tabernacle, its furniture ordinances, the garments of the priesthood, the ark of the covenant, etc., are found many types of Christ and the church. (Andrew Murray’s Holiest of All, Commentary on the book of Hebrews
)

Scofield’s notes on EXODUS:
Exodus, a Greek word, meaning: exit or departure is the name of the 2nd of 5 books written by Moses. This redemption from Egypt was accomplished by divine, miraculous intervention and what was required of the Hebrews was faith in the blood of the lamb according to the word of GOD.

The doctrine of substitution and atonement by blood is a thread that is woven throughout the whole of Scripture, beginning with GENESIS 3:21 where GOD had slain an animal to acquire skins to cover Adam and Eve’s nakedness; in the next chapter we see Abel’s sacrifice by shedding of blood is accepted, but Cain’s grain sacrifice was rejected (GEN 4:4-5; HEB 11:4).

The climax in the book of GENESIS 22, with Abraham prepared to sacrifice his only son is a testimony of the truth of redemption, what the Jewish people refer to as “the binding of Isaac” or the Aqedat Yitzhaq. Atonement by blood will be seen in this book of Exodus, not just in the Passover Sacrifice of the lamb, but in the ordination of sacrifices prescribed by GOD, to be offered up in the tabernacle. 

Yet for all the Mosaic Law, and the covenant GOD makes with the Hebrews, still the very foundation of Israel’s relationship to GOD is based on the Abrahamic covenant, rather than the (temporary) Mosaic covenant

Israel was subjected under the Law to prove them, and reveal to them that apart from blood atonement, they could not be accepted by GOD on the basis of keeping the Law, which they failed to keep.

Apostle Paul states the purpose of the Law:
1 TIMOTHY 1:9a
Knowing this, that the law is not made for a righteous man, but for the lawless and disobedient, for the ungodly and for sinners, for unholy and profane
. . .

The Abrahamic covenant will endure throughout the ages, whereas the Mosaic covenant has been put aside at Calvary’s cross, but will in part be resumed during the Millennium and the Millennial temple, but in a memorial that speaks of the Supreme Sacrifice of The LAMB of GOD and will have no power in the covering over, of sin. The Law, the LORD Jesus Christ said, will endure until the passing away of heaven and earth, and then all will be fulfilled (MATT 5:18).

So, with all that said, let’s examine these 22 verses.

EXODUS 1:1-4
1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. 2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, 3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, 4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.
It’s important to understand that these first five books of Moses are foundational to the rest of the Bible

~ What is established in these books, from GENESIS to DEUTERONOMY provides evidence of Divine presence as well as authority and authentication through Divine miracles and revelation for the rest of the Bible, whereas the rest of the Bible will look back and confirm these five books and what GOD established!
~ Just as GOD began a work with Moses, He continued that work through Joshua, with whom the LORD verified His authority just as He did with Moses, with miraculous signs and wonders and revelation.
~ We see the same sort of thing with Elijah and Elisha.
~ We also see this most ably demonstrated with the LORD Jesus and GOD’s verification of Divine presence, authority and authenticity, with miraculous signs and wonders and revelation with the apostles.

Here we have a list of the eleven sons of Jacob, that become the twelve tribes of Israel (including Joseph, either by name or through Ephraim). This is documented verification that all of the sons of Jacob did in fact dwell in the land of Egypt.

Where we are now, at the writing of these events here in Exodus, is 400 years after the time of Jacob and sons dwelling in Egypt. What Moses wrote previously as recorded in GENESIS is in fact, a 400 year history.

I believe this history was in part passed down from generation to generation, but where there were any gaps or corrections to be made in this historical information, the Spirit of GOD provided for them and inspired Moses with direct insight from the LORD.

Remember that Adam lived nearly to the time of Noah; certainly to the days of Noah’s father (Lamech) who could preserve history from the earliest days of creation and carry them with him into the new world post-Flood. Noah himself lived until the days of Abraham, so Abraham could have heard first-hand from Noah, what he himself was told of Adam. 
Abraham would no doubt pass this on to Isaac and Jacob, who would tell his sons and grandsons like Manasseh. 
Manasseh, the son of Joseph was 170 years old at the time of the Exodus, and he could very well relate what was told to him from his father and grandfather, regarding what Adam told Noah, and what Noah told Abraham. So we’re only talking from Adam, to Noah, to Abraham, to Manasseh to Moses

Again, there could be gaps and miscommunications in relating the events of GENESIS from one generation to another, but where these may have happened, the Spirit of GOD would inspire Moses’ recording of these events, just as the Word of GOD tells us in:

2 PETER 1:21
For the prophecy came not in old time by the will of man: but holy men of God spake as they were moved by the Holy Ghost.

EXODUS 1:5-8
5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. 6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation.
7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them. 8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph
.

This new Pharaoh, as I explained in the Sunday teaching of Stephen’s Defense and Messianic Message was not an Egyptian, but most likely an Assyrian, who had no loyalty whatsoever to the memory of Joseph, the savior of Egypt from the terrible seven year famine.
This Assyrian Pharaoh witnesses the tremendous population of these Hebrews and increasing all the time – estimates indicate that the Hebrews birthrate could be as much as 2 or 3 times to 1 over the Egyptians.

EXODUS 1:9-10
9 And he said unto his people, Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: 10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land
.

Remember what Jacob told Pharaoh about their stay in Egypt? That they were sojourners, pilgrims, who were only staying as long as the famine lasted, which at that time was only about four more years?

Israel remained in Egypt for 400 years. Why the extended stay?
The land of Goshen was flourishing with life, perhaps at least as bountiful as the land of Canaan. Life was good, comfortable, prosperous; over the course of multiple generations, when the promises of GOD to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob could have become a distant memory, the multitude of Hebrews could see no reason to leave Egypt.

As stated previously in that Sunday teaching on Stephen’s defense, Christians can sometimes become comfortable and prosperous in this world, life can be good – and we can change from having the mentality of sojourners to that of settlers. 

We can forget that this world is not our home, but that we are passing through this corrupt and dying world, on our way to our real Home! When we get too comfortable and forgetful of our true citizenship, the LORD can send trials and tribulations to wake us up and stir us in desiring deliverance from this devil-dominated domain.

Let us never forget that our adversary the devil is intent on our destruction, just as this Assyrian Pharaoh had plots and plans to destroy the Hebrew people.
We are on a spiritual battlefield in this world – which is why I like how pastor Sonny addresses us so many times, when he says, “God bless you soldier!”

We are soldiers at war with Satan and his kingdom (EPH 6:10-19), but also ambassadors to reach lost sinful souls (2 COR 5:20). Both WAR and PEACE is our mission!

EXODUS 1:11-14
11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. 12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. 13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigor: 14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in mortar, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigor
.

Pithom and Rameses are mentioned here and because of the name Rameses, many associate the Exodus with Rameses the II, but if you calculate the historical dates of the 30 years of Israel’s peaceful residence in Egypt, then their 400 years of enslavement, the 40 years of Israel’s wandering in the wilderness and arrival into Canaan, this late dates the arrival of the Hebrews, so archeologists and historians had to massage the numbers to get everything to work.

More recent evidence suggests an earlier Pharaoh was in power during the time of the Exodus by the name of Amenhotep II, at around 1450 BCE, as opposed to Rameses II who came to power in 1290 BCD (160-200 years after Amenhotep II). 

It’s interesting to note that as early as GENESIS 47:11 “the land of Rameses” is mentioned, while Joseph was alive**, and the Pharaoh that befriended him and his family, was Sesostris III; but Rameses I and the II weren’t around for generations afterwards. How is it that the name of this Pharaoh appears here in GENESIS? This is what’s known as an anachronism – something that is mentioned in history but with a more modern name, that people are familiar with, applied to it.
**See JOSEPH In EGYPT - PART 1 

For example, you could be talking about history that took place in St. Petersburg but no one today knows it by that name, so you would use the name people are familiar with, which is Leningrad

Evidently when the book of GENESIS and EXODUS were being copied over, generation after generation, the older name of the city there in the land of Goshen fell out of memory, so the more modern name was written instead, the one that people would be familiar with: Rameses; whereas before, in the days of Joseph, it was called Avaris

What also must be understood, is that because Avaris is a much older city, archeologically, it would be discovered deeper underground, beneath the city Ramesses – which is why archeologists today dismissed the Exodus account as fictitious, because they found no evidence of a Semitic culture in Egypt; that is, until the digs of Avaris were realized, and they did in fact find a thriving metropolis of Semitic people, the descendants of Jacob’s twelve sons, in the land of Egypt.

When Jacob’s sons sold their young brother Joseph into slavery, it was some decades later that Joseph told them that, 

GENESIS 50:20
But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good
. . . 

Likewise Pharaoh thought evil against this Hebrew nation, desiring to destroy them; yet GOD meant it for good. These taskmasters that were ordered by Pharaoh to afflict the Hebrews, to put heavy burdens upon them, causing them “to serve with rigor” were actually fulfilling GOD’s will. 

“Rigor” here means, “to break apart, to fracture, severity, cruelty” – their objective was to break their spirit with severe cruelty; to beat them down so badly that they would never think of rising up against the Egyptians in battle or join with Egypt’s enemies.
They “made their lives bitter with hard bondage”. Yet for all of this terrible treatment from this Assyrian tyrant, the Hebrew people only “multiplied and grew”. 

In the same manner, church history as well as the Scriptures themselves show that the more the church was and is persecuted, the stronger it became.
Persecution has a way of stripping non-essentials out of the life of believers, those devilish distractions that take our attention from the LORD and our walks with Him, and getting our attention back on the LORD, His Word, our time of prayer, and so on.
What happened as a result of this tyrannically inspired troubles upon the people of Israel? How did they respond to this slavery?

EXODUS 2:23-24
23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. 24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob
.

And how did GOD respond to the Hebrew people’s crying out?

EXODUS 3:7
7 And the Lord said, I have surely seen the affliction of my people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows
;

When GOD’s people cry out to Him, whether it’s Israel or the church, when the saints of GOD cry out to Him, He hears and He responds, and more often than not, it’s GOD working behind the scenes, working the situation that brings His saints to the state where they DO cry out to Him!

PSALM 27:8
When thou saidst, Seek ye my face; my heart said unto thee, Thy face, Lord, will I seek.

PSALM 107
is a testimony of how often the children of Israel cried out to the LORD and He then delivers them from their distresses! This Psalm records the cry of GOD’s saints four times (vs. 6,13, 19 and 28):

PSALM 107:11-15
11 Because they rebelled against the words of God and contemned the counsel of the most High: 12 Therefore he brought down their heart with labor; they fell down, and there was none to help. 13 Then they cried unto the Lord in their trouble, and he saved them out of their distresses. 14 He brought them out of darkness and the shadow of death and brake their bands in sunder. 15 Oh that men would praise the Lord for his goodness, and for his wonderful works to the children of men!

EXODUS 1:15-16
15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: 16 And he said, When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live
.

Notice how Pharaoh turns it up another notch: he began with the identification of the Hebrews who were outpacing the population of the Egyptians, then moved to oppress them with hard labor and slavery.
Here we see that he wants to breed the Hebrew people out of existence; by the killing of the male children, he would then proceed from that to having Egyptians mate with the Hebrew women so that eventually, there would be no more Hebrews – but he doesn’t get that far in his agenda.

We saw something similar in Nazi Germany: they began by identifying Jews, compelling them to wear those cloth yellow six-pointed stars, then they moved them to ghettos, and then to concentration camps and hard labor, starvation and oppression. That eventually led to extermination in gas chambers and ovens.
The wicked are always plotting against the righteous:

PSALM 37:12-13
12 The wicked plotteth against the just, and gnasheth upon him with his teeth. 13 The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that his day is coming
.

Today we can see how there are those in our American government that are plotting against the church; overstepping their bounds to dictate to us what we can and cannot do in our fellowships. We see this evident in the actions of Governor Gavin Newsome of California who has forbidden churches to congregate due to COVID 19 but had previously allowed gatherings 10 and under to meet in homes, but then recanted even this and demanded that Christians abstain even from this sort of gathering. 

And this is just the start. Members of our government that express admiration for the Chinese government for their efficiency in dealing with social matters (including their treatment of the Chinese church) reveal where they’re at, and what they no doubt would like to do with the American church. Persecution is coming. But always keep in mind, “GOD has not given us a spirit of fear, but of power, and of love, and of a sound mind.” (2 TIM 1:7).

EXODUS 1:17-18
17 But the midwives feared God and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them but saved the men children alive. 18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, Why have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?

The apostles Peter and John were forbidden to preach the Gospel of Jesus Christ by the ruling authority of Israel, the Sanhedrin, just as these mid-wives were instructed by the ruling authority of Egypt to kill the male Hebrew babies.
Both denied their respective authorities, because they feared GOD and obeyed the LORD rather than man:

ACTS 4:18-20
18 And they called them and commanded them not to speak at all nor teach in the name of Jesus. 19 But Peter and John answered and said unto them, ‘Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than unto God, judge ye. 20 For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard’
.

Are we prepared to take such a stand saints? We’re not accustomed to our own American government making demands of us that are unbiblical; but it’s already started, what with the enactment of the ‘hate laws’ that are already on the books (they’ve been, now for some decades) and in part, being enforced.

If the powers that be have their way, the government will enact into law a supervisory entity at the Federal level that will dictate what the church (and other religious bodies) can and cannot do and teach.
We need to pray about this and ask the LORD to prepare us for this time soon to come. And be determined, at any cost, to obey GOD and His Word over the orders and demands of people.

EXODUS 1:19-21
19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them. 20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied and waxed very mighty. 21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that he made them houses
.

Notice that the mid-wives feared GOD; notice that they spared the lives of the Hebrew baby boys – and further, notice how “GOD dealt well with them” and blessed them. People have criticized the Bible because it seems here that GOD blessed the mid-wives for lying, but does it state in these verses that they did so?

It states that they saved these babies alive – in defiance of Pharaoh, and that they intended on doing so, but there’s no need to believe that these mid-wives created a fiction about these Hebrew mothers that had such stamina and strength that they delivered their children even before the mid-wives could show up and lend their aid.
I think it’s entirely plausible that because the mid-wives intended on obeying GOD that the LORD gave them ‘an out’ by causing the Hebrew mothers to quickly deliver their children.

EXODUS 1:22
22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive
.

The Pharaoh then steps it up yet another notch and directs, not the mid-wives, but the Egyptians (“his people”) to take the male Hebrew children from their parents and drown them in the Nile river!

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